Amazon illegal mining activities expand environmentalists to blame the Brazilian government

Satellite imagery produced by Planet Labs shows that since January this year, illegal mining activities of Brazilian aboriginal land have been expanding, and environmentalists have blamed the Brazilian government. Relax against environmental crimes.

While illegal mining activity has increased, information from the Brazilian National Space Agency (INPE) has also shown that Amazon’s deforestation or degradation has worsened, but Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro has questioned the work of INPE, saying the data may be in international negotiations. It is not good for Brazil.

Planetary laboratories monitor three Brazilian aboriginal lands that are most affected by illegal gold mining, including Kayapo, Munduruku and Yanomami.

In June of this year, the BBC News Brasil reported that gold had become Roraima’s second largest export product, even though the state had no legally operated mines. Authorities are investigating whether these gold have been illegally mined from the Yanomami area. According to Aboriginal people, there are currently at least 10,000 miners active.

Sonia Guajajara, executive director of the Brazilian Aboriginal Association, pointed out that Aboriginal people across the Amazon reported that since Posonalo took office, the number of cases of illegal miners invading Aboriginal territories has increased, and Posonalo supports the Aboriginal people. The statement that the territory promotes the development of the mining economy to improve the living conditions of the indigenous community also creates incentives for miners.

In April this year, Posonalo met with a group of Roraima Aboriginal people who supported mining. “Indigenous people cannot continue to be poor on wealthy land.”

The Brazilian Constitution of 1988 stipulates that mining minerals on Aboriginal land is subject to specific laws; it is illegal because mining operations have never been approved by law.

In addition to cutting down trees, mining activities also cause river siltation and become a source of vector mosquitoes, so malaria is common in Amazon’s mining sector, not accidental. Another problem is that mercury emitted from mining activities has contaminated the entire food chain.

Forest engineer Paulo Barreto pointed out that deforestation in the Amazon is not only stimulated by Posonalo’s remarks, but also by the de-functionalization of the supervisory agencies, who believe that they will not be punished for deforestation.

The Brazilian government has cut the total budget of the Brazilian Environmental Protection Agency to Brazil’s ergonomics this year on the grounds of temporary freezing of funds, equivalent to 1/4 of the dollar budget.

Environmentalists believe that the Brazilian government will not only weaken the effectiveness of the EPA’s supervision by cutting the budget, but also make a clear stance. In order to promote the development of the Amazon economy, it will not hesitate to cut down forests.

This week, Posonalo was once again criticized by environmentalists when questioning the work of the federal agency INPE, which is responsible for monitoring the deforestation of the Amazon.

Posonalo pointed out that the information published by the agency may hinder negotiations between Brazil and other countries, such as the trade agreement between the Southern Common Market (Mercosul) and the European Union.

European leaders have repeatedly expressed concern about the increase in deforestation in Brazil and the actions of the Posonalo government in the environmental sector. In April of this year, 607 scientists published an open letter in the “Nature” Science Journal, criticizing the Posonalo government for “working to abolish the policy against deforestation.” “The new Brazilian government threatens the rights of indigenous peoples and the nature of their protection. region.”

Earlier this month, INPE reported that the Amazon deforestation index rose by 88% in June compared with the same month in 2018. As a result, Augusto Heleno, director of the Office of Security of the Presidential Office, criticized that Amazon’s deforestation index was “man-made”. Manipulation.”

Credit : https://www.cna.com.tw/news/aopl/201907260034.aspx