The UNHCR’s office in Jakarta’s office has an inconspicuous delivery window. The refugees waiting outside the consultations are constantly waiting to ask when they can go to a third country. Most of them get Many people have waited for 7 years to continue to wait for the reply.
Maya, 23, from Libya, told her Central News Agency that she had come to Indonesia three years ago to escape the war. In the past three years, she “every month comes” UNHCR ).
Maya said that she always got the same answer. The other party said, “We can’t help, you will wait, we will call you.” However, “they never played.”
Maya said that she and her mother and three brothers lived in an apartment in northern Jakarta. Only two people lived in a space of five. The mother with high blood pressure could not take medicine on time because the price of the drug was too expensive. The Western Union remittances were again plagued by banks, and the economy was struggling. The landlord had said that he had to catch people. Life can only be described as “tragic.”
As the hometown was ravaged by the war, Maya said that they only wanted to leave Libya as soon as possible. “The farther the better,” so they chose to settle in Indonesia.
Maya, who majored in English, said that she most wanted to work as a translator. She was forced to interrupt her university studies because of the war. After she fled her hometown, she was still a victim and her life was destroyed. “If you can’t resettle temporarily, let me at least let me work here. Life can go on.”
Indonesia has not signed the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees, which is not legally responsible for containment, but it is still a relay location for many refugees waiting to be resettled to a third country.
According to official Indonesian information, there were 13,997 refugees and asylum-seekers in Indonesia by the end of May, of which 3,368 asylum-seekers still have UNHCR confirmed refugee status.
Afghan refugee Enayatullah Elham said that many refugees have been in Indonesia for seven years, and some have been assisted by the International Organization for Migration (IOM). They have been able to rent a house, some micro-subsidies, and even IOM help. No money to eat, in addition to waiting in Indonesia, nothing can be done, “many people are very bad physically and mentally.”
Ilham is 22 years old. He can’t afford to pay the family to escape. He arrived in Indonesia in 2014. He went to UNHCR for the fourth time to apply for resettlement. “There is no result. We said that they are not listening. wait”.
Ilham, who is studying computer, said that he got the UNHCR refugee card every other year and can live safely in Indonesia, but he can’t do anything, like wasting his life, hoping to leave Indonesia, finish the book, find the family, work and support the family. .
The 34-year-old Afghan refugee who did not want to be named, like Ilham, originally wanted to take the family away, but could not afford the $40,000 (about NT$1.25 million) of the price of the People’s Snake Group. He paid $12,000 to leave. I plan to help my family afterwards, leaving my wife and young children, who have not seen it for six years.
On this day, he and nearly a hundred refugees once again protested outside the UNHCR office. They questioned the unfairness of UNHCR’s handling procedures. Some refugee families who arrived in Indonesia in 2014 and 2015 have already traveled to third countries, and the relatively early single refugees are still waiting.
Afghan refugee Zabihullah Hussaini said that he hopes to be treated fairly, single refugees also have family members, and long wait for many people to collapse.
According to UNHCR, because of the limited placement opportunities, priority can be given to, for example, single mothers, adolescents without parental care, and refugees with medical needs because they are the most vulnerable and vulnerable.
UNHCR representative in Indonesia, Thomas Vargas, pointed out that 70 million people around the world were forced to leave their homes due to war and human rights persecution. Among them, 25 million were refugees, and less than 1% of refugees were resettled. The demand for resettlement far exceeds the opportunity, and the world faces a refugee crisis.
According to UNHCR, there were 92,400 refugees in 25 countries last year, of which 5,580 were promoted through UNHCR. In Indonesia, UNHCR is funded only to cater for 300 to 400 refugees, including food, health care, and education.
Vargas pointed out that UNHCR urges third countries to resettle refugees, and also strives to cooperate with relaying governments, non-governmental organizations, etc. to assist refugees waiting in the relay countries, so that refugees who cannot directly receive assistance can take care of themselves and learn skills. It can also assist the local economy and achieve a win-win situation for both refugees and relay countries.
For example, UNHCR works with Indonesian partners to promote new entrepreneurship training programs, including Indonesian youth and refugees. The team selected after training can receive entrepreneurship grants, and refugees can help start a business; this program provides refugees. The food and transportation allowance is also in line with Indonesia’s regulations prohibiting refugees from working.
According to UNHCR, this pilot project has completed the first training, with about 60 refugees and Indonesian youth participating, and the second phase is expected to begin in the next month and two months.
In early July, hundreds of refugees who had been sleeping on the streets of Kalideres in the western district of Jakarta for more than a year moved their tents downstairs to the UNHCR in the city centre. The weeks of action brought attention to refugee issues. The Jakarta government provides an abandoned military camp near Carriedles to allow refugees to stay.
This small military camp now houses 1,085 refugees, including 276 children. The walkways, stairwells and parts of the building are also filled with tents.
The Afghan refugee Ehsanullah, who is temporarily living here, is a Shia Hazaras. Since the Hazaras have been attacked by Sunni extremists for a long time, he and his family fled to Pakistan. He arrived in Indonesia in 2013.
This year, 33-year-old Ehsanura said that he has been washing, cooking and cleaning every day. He said that in the past, there were refugees who taught everyone English and earned a small amount of money. Everyone felt that it was very useful. However, the government was banned after it was discovered. “Many people have waited for 6 or 7 years. I don’t know how long it will take. Earn some living expenses.”
Ehsanura said that when he left Pakistan, his daughter was 9 months old and now 7 years old. “She needs to go to school, but I can’t let her go to school. I am worried about her future. I thought I would wait for 1 or 2 years. Australia, let her grow up safely, be educated, my hopes are destroyed, I can’t do anything for her, which makes me very sad.”
In Indonesia for many years, many refugees have been able to respond in Indonesian, and children are no exception. Hadya, a 9-year-old Afghan girl, is innocent and lively. She is greeted from time to time when she is interviewed. She said that she moved to this place because of the war.
Asked if Hatia wanted to go to school, her smile disappeared, and she calmed down. After thinking for a few seconds, she said “I want to”. She did not go to school in Afghanistan.
For refugees who hope to work in Indonesia, Sam Fernando, head of public relations at the Indonesian Immigration General Administration, said in a July 31 interview with a reporter from the Central News Agency that refugees could not work in Indonesia because of the relevant laws and regulations.
Sam pointed out that many relevant Indonesian government departments have provided assistance to the refugees, and they have continued to coordinate with UNHCR to urge them to speed up the resettlement issue. Indonesia has not signed the UN Convention on the Status of Refugees and can do limited, but Indonesia will not send the refugees back to the country. Will try to help from humanitarian considerations.